Virgil Adams III

Virgil Adams III, M.A. Psychology

Human Services, Social Science
Sociology, Social Science

Email: vadams@cypresscollege.edu

Phone: 714-484-7000 Ext : 48220

Office Hours : 9:00-9:30 a.m. Monday-Thursday

Location: Humanities Bldg. Rm.222J

 
 

Study Guide 291

HUSR 291

Study Guide for Exam II
Chapters 7-10

Chapter 7-Jails and Prisons

Key Concepts:

Jails
What was the historical use of jails in early society? (temporary vs. long term use)
What category of violations were individuals routinely arrested and housed in jails?
What significant changes were brought about by the Walnut Street Jail facility regarding the housing and classification of prisoners?
Under the Speedy Trail Act of 1974 how many days can a person remain in jail awaiting trial?
Under what circumstances would a convicted felon be housed in What are the jail problems associated with housing juveniles in adult jail facilities?
What is a "mercy booking"?
How does shock probation work in jail sentencing?

Prisons
What was the historical use of prisons in early society? (temporary vs. long term use)
What category of violations were individuals routinely arrested and housed in prisons?
What significant changes were brought about by the Walnut Street Jail facility regarding the housing and classification of prisoners?
What was the standard form of treatment of individuals in prison by the prior to the Walnut Street Jail Facility?
What significant change in prisoner treatment and classification was implement with the Auburn State Penitentiary System?
How do prisons function in response to societal demands of

providing societal protection

punishing prisoners

prisoner rehabilitation

prisoner re-integration

Which prisoner classification has the largest population? (minimum, medium, maximum)
Which characteristics indicate a good candidate for (ROR) release on own recognizance?

Chapter 8- Parole and Parolees

Key Concepts

Definition of Parole
What was the contribution of Sir Walton Crofton?
What was the impact of implementing "good time credits? (Re:overcrowding and housing costs of inmates)
The parole boards are usually comprised of these individuals?
Which elected official appoints the members of the parole board? Parole best identifies with which model of correctional implementation?
What are the pro's and con's of Indeterminate Sentencing?
What were the intended benefits of shifting from indeterminate to determinate sentencing? (according to the Justice Model)
Do all states implement "good time credits the same?
What are the latent and manifest functions of parole?

Chapter - 9 Early Release, Parole and Parole Revocation

Key Concepts

Who has the authority to grant probation?
Who has the authority to grant parole?
What is meant by "conditional" status of probation or parole?
Do all parole boards operate in the same manner from state to state?
What are the major functions of parole boards?
Compare and contrast the following;

jurist value system

sanctioner value system

treater value system

controller value system

What is a salient factor in respect to criteria for parole consideration?
Under what conditions does one qualify for the following;

parole board release

mandatory parole

commutation/pardon

unconditional release

What category of inmate classifies for Intensive Supervised Parole?
What is the different between a pardon and an expungement order?

Chapter 10- Probation/Parole Organization and Operarations

Key Concepts

Functions and duties of probation and parole officers.
What is the caseload?
Characteristics of the;
1.) The conventional model
2.) The numbers game
3.) The conventional model w/geographical concerns
4.) The specialized caseloads model

The functions of the parole/probation officer as;
1.) the detector
2.) the broker
3.) the educator, enabler or mediator
4.) the enforcer

What are some of the factors of the parole/probation officer having a role conflict in regards to their duties with clients under their supervision?
What is the benefit of the code of ethics in regards to professionalization in parole/probation off

What are the sources of stress in the above occupations?

Criticisms of the above professions from a historical perspective in the law enforcement arena.