Study Guide for Exam I
Chapter # 1. Andrew Weil—Chocolate to Morphine
- What should society do regarding drugs since they are apparently hear to stay?
- What two steps should be taken in regards to preventing “drug abuse” while society continues to use drugs?
- What relationship with drugs do all teenagers have in common?
- What approach should parents take with their teenagers in order to establish a healthy communication regarding drug use (including alcohol)?
Chapter #2. Andrew Weil—Chocolate to Morphine
- What is the definition of a drug?
- What relationship did the Eskimos have with alcohol prior to arrival of the colonists?
- What was the rational for the Catholic Church regarding the traditional use of wine as a sacrament?
- What was the drug of choice for mainstream society while the counterculture chose marijuana and psychedelic forms?
- What function does taboos have in society regarding the definition of good and evil? How has the use of alcohol fit into this concept.
Chapter # 3. Andrew Weil—Chocolate to Morphine
- What does Andrew Weil say regarding the need for members of society explore altered states of consciousness?
- Familiarize yourself with the use of drugs in the society regarding the following:
- self exploration
- altering moods
- treating disease
- boredom or despair
- social interaction
- enhancement of creativity and physical performance
- establishing identity
Chapter # 1&2. Jean Kinney—Loosening the Grip
- What relationship did early American soldiers have with alcohol?
Familiarize yourself with the following approaches:
- Freud and the anxiety theory
- McClelland and the feeling of power theory
- Horton and the anthropological theory
- Weil and the desire for altered states of consciousness theory
- What was the political response in America to the prevailing presence of Alcoholism during the 1920’s.
- What was affect has the media and films had on the use of alcohol in society?
- What attempts in social reform did America utilize from the 1930’s to the present.
- What are the contributions regarding race, education, income, marital status, religion, geographic location, age and gender on drinking patterns.
Chapter # 3. Jean Kinney—Loosening the Grip
- How is alcohol transported to the organs throughout the body?
- Is alcohol an irritant?
- Do women and men absorb alcohol at the rate?
- Is alcohol eliminated or metabolized at the same rate by members of society?
- What effect doe alcohol have on the following:
- central nervous system
- What is tolerance?
- What is the “expectancy effect”?
Chapter # 4. Jean Kinney—Loosening the Grip
- What contributions did E.M. Jellinek make to the definition of “Alcoholism“ and research studies on Dependency?
- What were the benefits of Alcoholism being treated as a Disease versus a character flaw as in the Personal Choice model?
- What are the criticism of the Disease Model regarding client responsibility and passivity?
- Is the rate of dependency at a fast or slow onset?
- What are the characteristics for the four phases of Alcoholism?
- What are the characteristics of abuse of alcohol?
- What is meant by a secondary type of Alcoholism?
- What is your definition of alcoholism?
- Know the four phases of Jellineks’s model of Alcoholism
Essay: What would a healthy approach to the drug and or alcohol use look like as compared to the current societal applications; i.e. education, family, religion, politics, medicine, science, and law?