Study Guide for Exam I
Chapter 1—Reasons for Violence
- Definition of violence
- Elements of violence
- Four forms of social reform
- Three forms of reactions to violence by society
- The relationship to violence for:
- males vs. females
- 16-24 yr. groups
- married, never-married, separated, and divorced
- Functions of the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey.
- Social factors and biological explanations for violence
- Explanations for the recent increase of prosecuting more juveniles in adult court settings.
Chapter 2—Extent of Violence in America
- Explanations for current increase in homicides of stranger and non-intimates vs. past trends.
- Explanations for the increase of:
- domestic violence
- marital rape
- forced rape
- use of weapons for youth and spouses during violent acts.
- Impact of drugs and guns on school violence.
- Criticism of the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey.
- What are the concerns and predictions for the projected increase of the “Juvenile” population in our society.
- What percent of juveniles are projected to be “career criminals”?
- What age group for juveniles is the best known predictor to determine the potential for serious delinquency issues?
- What age group for juveniles is the best known predictor to determine lack of socialites and involvement with anti-social peers.
- Is there a causal relationship between juvenile violence and abusive parents and broken homes?
- Which intervention strategies have proven to be more effective for juvenile offenders; addressing socioeconomics and abusive parents or substance abuse and anti-social peers?
- What are the social and psychological characteristics that are consistent for “High Risk Juvenile Offenders”?
- Definition of:
- Juvenile law
- status offender
- criminal offender
- hidden delinquency
- What is the degree of relationship between alcohol/drugs and the victim/offenders of violent and non-violent crime?
- What relationship does Cocaine have in respect to violent or non-violent crime?
- What is the explanation for the recent increase in activity of females in both violent and non-violent criminal activity.
- What is the Social Bonding Theory? How can it utilized as an intervention strategy?
- What are the characteristics of women in society who were involved in violent behavior?
Chapter 3—The Social and Economic Cost of Violence
- Define monetary and non-monetary costs to victims.
- Know the impact of direct and indirect costs to victims. Which is more devastating to the victim?
- What percent of all crime is property vs. violent crime.
- What percent of crime actually involves victim contact?
- Does the media contribute towards in-direct costs for victims?
- What factors are taken to consideration to to establish “Actual Costs”? What percent is considered non-monetary?
- What percent of violent offenders are currently in:
- Federal prison
- State prisons
- State jails
- What are the social reactions to violence in applying:
- truth in sentencing law
- three strikes law
- What is effect of crime and violence on the elderly?
- What age group is least likely to be victimized by violent crime?
- What age group is more likely to be victimized by violent crime?
- What ethnic group is most likely to be victimized?
- What factors make the elderly more likely to suffer in-direct cost vs. other age groups?
- What form of victimization are the elderly more likely to suffer, violent or property crime?
- Which age group (elderly vs. younger) is more likely to attempt to protect themselves during the victimization?
- What are three determinant factors for fear of crime?
- What is recidivism? How has the truth in sentencing law impacted the state and federal prison system?
- At what stage of incarceration is treatment for drug/alcohol addiction most effective? What steps would help diminish the current relapse rate?
- What were the pros and cons of:
- The Scared Straight Program
- prison boot camps
- house arrest
- week-end sentencing
- electronic monitoring
- intensive probation
- truth in sentencing law
- three strike law
Essay: To be announced in class during the review.