Study Guide 292

SOC 292

Study Guide for Exam I
Chapters 1,2,3,4

Chapter I: Changing Boundaries of Criminology

Key Concepts:

  • What are the results of terrorism?
  • What are the components of wheel of terrorism?
  • What is the impact of the destruction of cultural property?
  • What is Ecocide?
  • Define criminology.
  • Who is the father of criminology?
  • Define deviance.
  • Define crime.
  • Compare and contrast the Consensus vs. Conflict model.
  • What is the criminal justice system?
  • What is the importance of the scientific method in criminology?

Chapter II: Counting Crime and Measuring Criminal Behavior

Key Concepts:

  • What are the needed ingredients of crime?
  • What is mens rea?
  • Know the differences between a felony, misdemeanor, and infraction.
  • What is replication?
  • What is a random sample?
  • What is the benefit of Participant vs. non-participant observation.
  • What is the Uniform Crime Report?
  • What is the National Crime Victimization Survey?
  • What is importance of tabulating index crimes?
  • What is the meaning of the “dark figure of crime”?
  • What are the benefits and limitations of the UCR , NCVS and self-report studies?

Chapter III: School of Thought Throughout History

  • What is the classical school?
  • What is the positivist school?
  • Who is Cesare Beccaria?
  • What is utilitarianism?
  • Who is Cesare Lambroso?
  • What is phrenology?
  • What is Atavism or atavista stigmata?
  • What are the three body types of the Somatotype School?
  • What is the impact of moral insanity on Mens Rea?
  • What are the criteria that are evaluated in examining the impact of Sociological Determinism?
  • Who was Emile Durkheim?
  • What is anomie?
  • Why is crime functional for society according to Durkheim?

Chapter IV: Explanations of Crime and Criminal Behavior

Key Concepts:

  • Who was Sigmund Freud?
  • What are the functions of the id, ego, and superego?
  • Who is Lawrence Kolberg?
  • How does moral development impact crime or criminal activity?
  • What are the functions of Pre-conventional, Conventional, and Post-conventional morality.
  • How does the attachment theory explain criminal behavior?
  • How does social learning theory explain deviant or criminal behavior in society?
  • How does the differential association theory explain criminal conduct of individual and peers?
  • How does Hans Eysenck’s conditioning theory explain criminal conduct in individuals?
  • What is the impact of psychoticism, extroversion, and neuroticism and cortical arousal?
  • What is psychopathy or sociopathy?
  • What is the relationship of IQ to criminal behavior on individuals.

ESSAY:

To be announced in class during lecture.