Study Guide 270

HUSR 270

Study Guide for Exam I
Chapters 1,2,3.

Chapter 1-Reasons for Violence


Definition of violence
Elements of violence
Four forms of social reform
Three forms of reactions to violence by society
The relationship to violence for;
1. males vs. females
2. 16-24 yr. groups
3. married, never-married, separated and divorced

Functions of the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey.
Social factors and biological explanations for violence
Explanations for the recent increase of prosecuting more juveniles in adult court settings.

Chapter 2-Extent of Violence in America


Explanations for current increase in homicides of stranger and non-intimates vs. past trends.

Explanations for the increase of;
1. domestic violence
2. marital rape
3. forced rape
4. use of weapons for youth and spouses during violent acts.

Impact of drugs and guns on school violence.
Criticism of the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey.
What are the concerns and predictions for the projected increase of the “Juvenile” population in our society.
What percent of juveniles are projected to be “career criminals”?
What age group for juveniles is the best known predictor to determine the potential for serious delinquency issues?
What age group for juveniles is the best known predictor to determine lack of socialites and involvement with anti-social peers.
Is there a causal relationship between juvenile violence and abusive parents and broken homes?
Which intervention strategies have proven to be more effective for juvenile offenders; addressing socioeconomics and abusive parents or substance abuse and anti-social peers?
What are the social and psychological characteristics that are consistent for “High Risk Juvenile Offenders”?
Definition of;
1. Juvenile law
2. status offender
3. criminal offender
4. hidden delinquency
What is the degree of relationship between alcohol/drugs and the victim/offenders of violent and non-violent crime?
What relationship does Cocaine have in respect to violent or non-violent crime?
What is the explanation for the recent increase in activity of females in both violent and non-violent criminal activity.
What is the Social Bonding Theory? How can it utilized as an intervention strategy?
What are the characteristics of women in society who were involved in violent behavior?

Chapter 3-The Social and Economic Cost of Violence.


Define monetary and non-monetary costs to victims.
Know the impact of direct and indirect costs to victims. Which is more devastating to the victim?
What percent of all crime is property vs. violent crime.
What percent of crime actually involves victim contact?
Does the media contribute towards in-direct costs for victims?
What factors are taken to consideration to to establish “Actual Costs”? What percent is considered non-monetary?

What percent of violent offenders are currently in;
1. Federal prison
2. State prisons
3. State jails

What are the social reactions to violence in applying:
1. truth in sentencing law
2. three strikes law

What is effect of crime and violence on the elderly?
What age group is least likely to be victimized by violent crime?
What age group is more likely to be victimized by violent crime?
What ethnic group is most likely to be victimized?
What factors make the elderly more likely to suffer in-direct cost vs. other age groups?
What form of victimization are the elderly more likely to suffer, violent or property crime?
Which age group (elderly vs. younger) is more likely to attempt to protect themselves during the victimization?
What are three determinant factors for fear of crime?
What is recidivism? How has the truth in sentencing law impacted the state and federal prison system?
At what stage of incarceration is treatment for drug/alcohol addiction most effective? What steps would help diminish the current relapse rate?

What were the pros and cons of;
1. The Scared Straight Program
2. prison boot camps
3. house arrest
4. week-end sentencing
5. electronic monitoring
6. intensive probation
7. truth in sentencing law
8. three strike law


Essay: To be announced in class during the review.